St. Irenaeus Ministries (Christianity)
Scripture Studies brought to you by the St. Irenaeus Center.
St. Irenaeus Ministries - a center of orthodox Catholic mission and renewal in Rochester, NY

Further efforts by Balaam. The faith of Phinehas. Danger of false prophets and teachers.

Direct download: NumbersLecture20.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

The final oracle of Balaam. First prophecy of a Hebrew King. Fates of the surrounding nations.

Direct download: NumbersLecture19.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

A discussion on Numbers Chapter 22 which includes a detailed account of Balaam the ancient prophet/sorcerer/shaman.

Direct download: Numbers_5a_Lecture_18.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

A discussion on Numbers Chapter 21 which includes territorial disputes, an introduction to Balaam, and fiery serpents and their connection to Christ.

Direct download: Numbers_5a_Lecture_17.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

Unfaithfulness of Moses at Meribah. Negotiations with Edom. Succession of Eleazar. God's unchanging standards.

Direct download: NumbersLecture16.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

The sign of the rods. God reaffirms Aaron's authority. The law of the red heifer.

Direct download: NumbersLecture15.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

A discussion/explanation of priestly vestments and their connection to Christ. As well as the dramatic narrative of Moses Aaron and Korah.

Direct download: Numbers_4a_Lecture_14.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

The Hebrews experiencing the wilderness, and a description of the offers made to God.

Direct download: Numbers_4a_Lecture_13.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

The mission of the spies. Revolt at Kadesh Barnea. Banishment of the Hebrews to the wilderness.

Direct download: NumbersLecture12.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

The punishment of quails. Discontent of Miriam and Aaron.

Direct download: NumbersLecture11.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

The morale of the Hebrews and their relationship with God and Moses.

Direct download: Numbers_3_-_Lecture_10.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

The marching order of the tribes, and a description of their situation and attitude.

Direct download: Numbers_3_-__Lecture_9.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

Celebrating Passover in the desert. God leads the nation. Demands of holiness in the modern Church.

Direct download: NumbersLecture8.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

Sacrifices made for the dedication. Connection to modern sacrifices and offerings.

Direct download: NumbersLecture7.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

A discussion on marriage, Nazirites, blessings, and a continuation of the theme of redemption.

Direct download: Numbers_2_Lecture_6.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

A discussion on the laws found in the book of Numbers. The true meaning behind the sign of peace. A continuation of the theme of redemption.

Direct download: Numbers_2_Lecture_5.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

Census of the adult Levites. The role of priests and rabbis. Redemption as the theme of Numbers.

Direct download: NumbersLecture4.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

Geography of the Sinai peninsula. Census of the infant Levites.

Direct download: NumbersLecture3.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

A discussion on the population of Israel, the Levites, and the ancient logistics of moving two million people.

Direct download: Numbers1a_Lecture_2.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

This is an introduction into the book of Numbers. The discussion revolves around the importance of the book, and the many fascinating treasures it contains.

Direct download: Numbers1a_Lecture_33.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

Teaching on vows in Deuteronomy, Ecclesiastes, and the Gospels. Conclusion to the book of Leviticus. God's commands open the way of life to us.

Direct download: LeviticusLecture32.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

Laws concerning the voluntary dedication of persons, animals, houses, and land to God. The means of redeeming a dedicated thing.

Direct download: LeviticusLecture31.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

A continuation of the discussion of Leviticus Chapter 26:

1. Blessings from keeping God's law.

2. Penalties/Curses as consequences of disobedience (the discipline of a loving God).

3. Assurance and restoration.

Direct download: Leviticus_9a_Lecture_30_Final.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

A discussion of Leviticus Chapter 26:

1. Blessings from keeping God's law.

2. Penalties/Curses as consequences of disobedience (the discipline of a loving God).

3. Assurance and restoration.

Direct download: Leviticus9a_-_Lecture_29_Final.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

The institution of the Sabbath year for the land. The Jubilee year.

Direct download: LeviticusLecture28.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

Laws concerning the maintenance of the altar. Jesus's citation of David consuming the priests' bread. Limitations on vengeance.

Direct download: LeviticusLecture27.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

Keeping the Sabbath and holy days. Israelite feasts and their connection to the New Testament.

Direct download: Leviticus_8a_Lecture_26_Final.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

This part focuses primarily on the expectations and conduct of the priesthood in the time of Leviticus. Acceptable and unacceptable sacrifices to God.

Direct download: Leviticus_8a_Lecture_25_Final.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

Proper behavior towards strangers and other disadvantaged persons. Penalties for breaking the law. The universal call to holiness.

Direct download: LeviticusLecture24.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

Holiness as separation. Strictures against mistreating slaves and various forms of idolatry.

Direct download: LeviticusLecture23.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

The remaining commandments are discussed. Proper treatment of one's neighbor is described in detail. An understanding of the treatment of loans, wages, and retribution derived from the commandments.

Direct download: Leviticus_7a_Lecture_22.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

The Ten Commandments are discussed. The obligations of the Jews to God is explained in detail. 

Direct download: Leviticus7a_Lecture_21.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

A discussion of Leviticus chapter 18 (and Acts 15) focusing on laws regarding sexual immorality, idolatry, gentiles, and homosexuality. 

Direct download: Leviticus_6b-_Lecture_20_Final.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

Condemnation of the offering of blood to satyrs. Strictures regarding unclean meat and the slaughtering of animals far from the tabernacle.

Direct download: LeviticusLecture19.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

The prescriptions for properly slaughtering a sacrificial animal. Avoidance of creeping idolatry.

Direct download: LeviticusLecture18.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

A detailed run-through of: clean and unclean animals, skin diseases, bodily discharges, purity in childbirth, and the day of atonement.

Direct download: Leviticus5b-_Lecture_17_FINAL.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

Delving into laws that are foreign to our modern way of thinking, and understanding ritual impurity, moral impurity, profanity, and the conditions for coming into God's holy realm.

Direct download: Leviticus5a_-_Lecture16_FINAL.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

Priests represent the people before God: Christ had to be incarnated in order to represent us. The danger of presuming upon God's grace.

Direct download: LeviticusLecture15.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

The gravity of priestly responsibilities. Christ's fulfillment of the Aaronic order.

Direct download: LeviticusLecture14.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

The priestly office as exercised by patriarchs in the book of Genesis. The transgressions of the sons of Aaron.

Direct download: LeviticusLecture13.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

The nature of the priesthood as intermediaries between sinful humanity and a perfect God.

Direct download: LeviticusLecture12.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 8:01pm EDT

Christ's sacrifice on the cross parallels and perfects the Levitical offerings. Exploration of these connections in the letter to the Hebrews.

Direct download: LeviticusLecture11.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

Sacrifices depend on following the prescribed rites with the proper interior disposition. A survey of Biblical examples.

Direct download: LeviticusLecture10.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:00am EDT

The Levitical sacrifices do not operate through their own inherent value but because they are commanded by God.

Direct download: LeviticusLecture9.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 8:59pm EDT

We must not take God's mercy for granted. He is generous with His mercy, but He is still a Holy and all-powerful God, not a mere friend.

Direct download: LeviticusLecture8.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 9:50pm EDT

In this episode we begin discussing the basic structure of burnt offerings and cereal offerings.

Direct download: LeviticusLecture6.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 8:21pm EDT

Sacrifice commonly has a connotation as a loss to Westerners, but in Leviticus it can be done for all the reasons of prayer: for thanksgiving, for mourning, for please for forgiveness or help. Sacrifice makes prayer concrete.

By the way, last week I accidentally reposted the same content as a new episode. I'm sorry for the mistake!

Direct download: LeviticusLecture5_2.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 11:01pm EDT

Just like how Jesus was divinity clothed in flesh, so also is Leviticus the love of God clothed in the letter of the law.

Direct download: LeviticusLecture4.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 7:17pm EDT

The book is divided into parts: It describes a mechanism God gives to heal our brokenness through sacrifice. It describes a priesthood provided to the people as a buffer between humanity and God's awesome holiness. Finally it oultines a standard for how we can know what is true or false, helpful or hurtful even today.

Direct download: LeviticusLecture3.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 9:11pm EDT

Metaphors of holiness are discussed, especialy the relationship between whole and holiness. God is calling us back to holiness and wholeness. The main theme of Leviticus is that God is holy: that is, separated from evil and all defect. His holiness is not mere supreme ethics but supreme divinity. Finally there are some notes on skeptical critical scholars who suggest Leviticus was written long after Moses.

Direct download: LeviticusLecture2.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 9:02pm EDT

Leviticus is a difficult book. It is seemingly a tedious book of regulations. However, each rule is an example of how we are called to holiness. It is concrete guidance from God that is still relevant to Christians today.

Direct download: LeviticusLecture1.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 8:06pm EDT

Ezekiel illustrates a life-giving river flowing from the Temple. Overall This description of a Temple encourages us to read more from Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy to understand Jewish worship to appreciate the description of the Temple and the Mass. This is the last episode of the Ezekiel study, thank you for listening.

Direct download: EzekielLecture37.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 9:51pm EDT

God will place the Levites who presided over idolatry in the lesser roles of his temple, whereas the loyal sons of Zadok will minister directly to God. There will be strict separation between what is holy and what is common.

Direct download: EzekielLecture36.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 8:43pm EDT

God came from the East, the earth shone with His glory. He notes how the Israelites have disrespected the temple in multiple ways, and asserts that things will change from now on.

Direct download: EzekielLecture35.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 8:23pm EDT

The Temple as described is a specifically Hebrew temple, where access to God is limited and well protected. The imagery and measurements represent categories of holiness, not a secret code for conspiracies.

Direct download: EzekielLecture34.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 9:35pm EDT

Ezekiel receives the vision of the new Temple a quarter century into exile. It mirrors the vision of God departing from the Temple earlier in the book.

Direct download: EzekielLecture33.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 7:36pm EDT

Ezekiel's final chapters describe a vision of a Temple of God in great detail. It does not match Solomon's Temple (not destroyed), the second Temple, or Herod's renovation of the second Temple. Is this description of a physical temple to be realized, or something symbolic? The existence of a Temple is a primary concern for Jews both historical and contemporary.

Direct download: EzekielLecture32.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 11:08am EDT

We believe that this prophecy of Gog will be fulfilled, but how and when it will happen is a subject of much debate. Ultimately however it will be God's might that achieves Gog's defeat rather than our efforts.

Direct download: EzekielLecture31.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 7:42pm EDT

Ezekiel, Joel, and Revelation all tell of an invading army from the north who will attack the Israelites and yet be destroyed by a cataclysm.

Direct download: EzekielLecture30.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 11:26am EDT

Ezekiel has a vision of a battle at the end times, where a horde of barbarian horsemen from many faraway nations seek to invade Israel. While striking one must be careful about speculating about specific political events through this vision.

Direct download: EzekielLecture29.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 11:08am EDT

God shows Ezekiel a vision of a valley of dry bones that symbolize Israel. He promises to raise up these bones and breathe new life into them, resurrecting the nation of Israel and foreshadowing the promise of everlasting life in Christianity.

Direct download: EzekielLecture28.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 10:11am EDT

The Lord promises to clean the Israelites from their idol worship and to return them to a culture of carefully obeying his Law. This is not a new covenant, but a new spirit of faithfulness to the original covenant. Likewise Christians have had their new covenant through Christ, but to realize the promises we must allow God to work through us to carefully carry out His work.

Direct download: EzekielLecture27.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 6:00am EDT

It sometimes appears that God's promises are not fulfilled. But it is not because God is not faithful, but oftentimes because the people to whom he makes his promises are not faithful themselves and must be punished. However ultimately God will be more faithful than his people for the sake of his name.

Direct download: EzekielLecture26b.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 6:00am EDT

The Lord turns to judge Edom, the nation from the line of Esau. Edomites have held a perpetual hatred against the Israelites, and their opportunistic attack against Israel enraged the Lord. Even though the Lord was punishing Israel, He ultimately promised this land to them, and it was not Edom's to take, nor Edom's right to indulge their violence and hate.

Direct download: EzekielLecture26.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 6:24pm EDT

The Lord promises that both He and the Son of David will be a Shepherd for His people, prophesying the future Messiah.

Direct download: EzekielLecture25.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 6:00am EDT

Jerusalem has fallen, but the few survivors have not learned to change their ways. Just because they survived this onslaught does not mean they are free from God's wrath if they continue to sin.

Direct download: EzekielLecture23.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 9:11am EDT

God takes no pleasure in killing the wicked, but in the wicked turning back from their evil ways. It's not that we are trying to achieve a net positive when comparing sin and virtue, but whether we are turned toward Him or away from Him at the end.

Direct download: EzekielLecture22.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 9:36pm EDT

The Lord offers hope beyond the punishment. He sets Ezekiel as a watchman, responsible for warning people if their sins will lead them to destruction. Whether or not they repent, if Ezekiel knows that they are in danger of destruction, and does not warn them, he is responsible. So are we also set as watchmen.

Direct download: EzekielLecture21.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 11:17pm EDT

Egypt was one of the most prosperous ancient civilizations. The Lord plans on punishing Egypt for their duplicity in their military agreements with Israel. Babylon will come through and plunder Egypt, leaving it to forever be a shadow of its former glory.

Direct download: EzekielLecture20.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 8:06pm EDT

The Lord compares the King of Tyre to Lucifer. The King's hubris will lead him to challenge Babylon and lose. The Lord will judge all nations that coerce or attack innocent countries. He will deliver the innocent from the thorns that attack them, though this may not happen in this lifetime.

Direct download: EzekielLecture19.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 7:24pm EDT

Tyre had vast access to many markets: Persia and many Africans. Tyre produced a royal purple dye from shellfish that was very valuable. Their markets had all kinds of exotic goods. Among other things, Tyre is a center for slave trade. The King of Tyre considers himself a god, and will soon find out how incorrect this is.

Direct download: EzekielLecture18.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 6:00am EDT

Tyre will suffer the rather of many nations as part of God's punishment for their perverse pleasure in Israel's demise. This prophecy is controversial, partially because Tyre is able to survive long sieges. However, over the course of history it faces opponent after opponent, eventually succumbing to Alexander the Great.

Direct download: EzekielLecture17.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 6:00am EDT

God intends to punish the Ammonites, the Edomites, and the Phillistines. Some of them are punished merely for an attitude of malicious glee at the punishment of Israel. This should make us think twice about our own attitudes about our enemies.

Direct download: EzekielLecture16.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 7:04pm EDT

God reminds the "Prince" of Israel of his country's many sins, and how he will not escape punishment. Ultimately the nation will be shown mercy though, despite its long history of sin. Ezekiel is ordered to perform several signs of Israel's coming punishment, including being ordered not to mourn the death of his wife.

Direct download: EzekielLecture15.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 7:44pm EDT

Angry at the elders of Israel demanding prophecy, God reminds them of their continual inclination toward idolatry, even back in Egypt. He chastises them for distorting the Law of Moses to commit evil. For example some Israelites construed their firstborns belonging to God as an excuse to sacrifice and kill them out of convenience. We are warned that any ostensibly Christian activities that turn us away from God are not truly Christian activities.

Direct download: EzekielLecture14.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 8:15pm EDT

God tells Israel a series of allegories. He warns Israel of its upcoming punishment for not only breaking His covenant but their political covenant with Babylon. He gains no pleasure from the death of His children and seeks their return to Him.

Direct download: EzekielLecture13.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 10:51pm EDT

God reminds Judah that Sodom was synonymous was evil in Israelite culture, but that Judah's actions are worse because they should know better. They are a prosperous nation steeped in Scripture that is turning around and attacking those loyal to God.

Direct download: EzekielLecture12.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 11:42pm EDT

God tells Ezekiel to compare Israel to a child disposed of in a wasteland, who God takes in, raises, and marries before she turns around and becomes a harlot. Israel "plays the field" by worshipping other pagan gods and making child sacrifices.

Direct download: EzekielLecture11.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 8:42pm EDT

The lord promises to lead false prophets astray for pretending that they speak with His authority. The last part of this episode is some review and discussion of the previous few lectures, tying it into modern life.

I apologize for the echos in this recording.

Direct download: EzekielLecture10.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 6:00am EDT

The Lord tells Ezekiel to prepare the Israelites for exile, that they may confess their sins to the nations. The exiled Israelites will one day come back and rebuild Israel, and the Lord will replace their hearts of stone and restore Israel to a nation loyal to the Lord.

Direct download: EzekielLecture9.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 11:59am EDT

The Lord shows Ezekiel of a vision where He instructs a man in white linen to mark Israelites loyal to God with a crosslike symbol, and then destroy the rest with cleansing fire for their idolatry.

I apologize for the echo in this recording.

Direct download: EzekielLecture8.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 5:16pm EDT

God shows Ezekiel a vision of pervasive idol worship among the Israelites, even among the highest echelons of power. Demand for false prophets is high at this time, though Ezekiel has gained notoriety and people are interested to hear what God tells him to say.

I apologize for the echo in this recording.

Direct download: EzekielLecture7.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 9:48pm EDT

We discuss how some of the elements of the Ezekiel's visions are found elsewhere in the Bible. We also begin to discuss the vision of God on the throne, resplendent in awesome power.

Direct download: EzekielLecture6.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 6:00am EDT

We discuss the living wheels that make up the chariot and throne of God in Ezekiel's vision.

Direct download: EzekielLecture5.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 6:00am EDT

We discuss the winged creatures in Ezekiel's vision, tying in their potential signficance to other parts of the Bible.

Direct download: EzekielLecture4.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 2:48pm EDT

Ezekiel sees of vision of powerful-looking creatures that hold up a chariot for the Lord. The imagery of these creatures is used for artistic effect in later, recognizable works but must be viewed in their context: as symbols of power and majesty.

Direct download: EzekielLecture3.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 2:39pm EDT

We are introduced to Ezekiel. We know he was a young Levitical priest and that he was a Jew in the Babylonian exile. We discuss a bit of the historical context.

Direct download: EzekielLecture2.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 7:17pm EDT

Welcome to our study on Ezekiel! Ezekiel is a book of apocalyptic literature, where God gives a startling vision that draws back the curtain between Heaven and Earth. It comes at a time when philosophers worldwide are starting to consider universal truths and move beyond purely local concerns. The time of Jewish exile foretold in Ezekiel will eventually lead the Jews to a renewed focus on the Law and the rise of the synagogue. That said, this book must be approached with caution. Read what the book is saying on the surface, and do not jump into wild speculation. Like Revelation, it can be tempting to ascribe unfounded meanings to certain passages. Start with what is obvious and sound, and let the other questions settle themselves in due time.

Direct download: EzekielLecture1.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 2:38pm EDT

We must rejoice in Christ, pray and give thanks to God. If we follow the Christ-centered conduct of Paul and the Philippians, we will be following a solid example and one grounded in Scripture.

Thank you for listening to our study on Paul's Letter to the Philippians. Tune in for our next study!

Direct download: PhilippiansLecture20.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 4:37pm EDT

Rejoice always, in the Lord. This is more than general cheer--this is part of our inner spiritual life. Such rejoicing reveals a trust in the Lord that can cut down divisions between Christians because it is God who will take care of the conflict.

Direct download: PhilippiansLecture19.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 6:27pm EDT

Paul wants our joy and suffering and sacrifice not to be experiences in themselves, but products in our growing relationship with Christ. He asks one of the Philippian pastors to resolve a conflict between two prominent women in the community, because such conflicts keep them (and us) from progressing in Christ.

Direct download: PhilippiansLecture18.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 5:00pm EDT

Paul tells the Philippians to race towards Heaven and towards an intimate relationship with Jesus Christ. No matter what they've achieved in their journey, they should stay focused on pursuing this goal. They should put to death all worldly appetites and desires, for those will drag them away from this final goal.

Direct download: PhilippiansLecture17.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 7:54pm EDT

We are to know the power of his resurrection and participate in his suffering--we commune with Christ in His sufferings.  We must actively work to know God better. Being conformed to a death like Christ's. We should be ambitious to suffer as Christ had suffered. 

Direct download: PhilippiansLecture16.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 1:16pm EDT

Paul argues that knowing Jesus Christ is more important than any earthly outward show of pious obedience. He argues that if that was the case, he is more devout than any other Jew. However, these accomplishments he counted as losses for the sake of Christ.

Direct download: PhilippiansLecture15.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 2:05pm EDT

We begin the 3rd chapter of Philippians. Paul begins to remind the Philippians about the danger of Judaizers, Christians who want to unnecessarily push the Law of Moses on Gentiles. He points out this is unnecessary because Christian circumcision is in the spirit, not the flesh.

Direct download: PhilippiansLecture14.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 5:02pm EDT

We must transcend our divisions to shine as light in a secularized world. Nonbelievers see when Christians squabble and they comment on it. Paul built an early Church with Jews, Greeks, and Romans, each with forces and ideologies that tried to drive them apart.  Compared to the crucifix however, every pettiness is so much less.

Direct download: PhilippiansLecture13.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 11:26am EDT

Paul discusses how to live and work, day-by-day, depending on God and thereby shining out against the crookedness and perversity of the world. He also mentions his two loyal disciples, Timothy and Epaprhoditus. Epaproditus nearly died from sickness and is coming back to Philippi to assauge concerns from the community about his health. These human worries, if continually brought to Christ in prayer, are fundamentally compatible with the Christian life.

Direct download: PhilippiansLecture12.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 7:15pm EDT

Paul illustrates the humiliations that Christ endured, which contrast with the sins of Adam. These humiliations are exactly how we should imitate Christ.

Direct download: PhilippiansLecture11.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 3:52pm EDT

Paul exhorts the Philippians stand firm with one another and to be of one mind in the strongest rhetorical terms. Unity in Christ is a witness to Christ and the lack of unity is a scandal. Real love (not sentimental love) binds Christians one to another. All of us should have the same disposition, the same love, of the same soul, and the same mind. We are to put to death our own selfishness, and put others in our Christian community first.

Direct download: PhilippiansLecture10.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 1:54pm EDT

Paul has concerns about unity breaking down in Philippians at a spiritual level. They have suffered years of persecution and poverty. Paul comforts them in this, saying it is a sign from God. They have been granted suffering for Him, and the evildoers will be punished.

Direct download: PhilippiansLecture9.mp3
Category:Christianity -- posted at: 12:11pm EDT